ALTERMODERN MANIFESTO – POSTMODERNISM IS DEAD
Travel, cultural exchanges and examination of history are not merely fashionable themes, but markers of a profound evolution in our vision of the world and our way of inhabiting it.
More generally, our globalised perception calls for new types of representation: our daily lives are played out against a more enormous backdrop than ever before, and depend now on trans-national entities, short or long-distance journeys in a chaotic and teeming universe.
Many signs suggest that the historical period defined by postmodernism is coming to an end: multiculturalism and the discourse of identity is being overtaken by a planetary movement of creolisation; cultural relativism and deconstruction, substituted for modernist universalism, give us no weapons against the twofold threat of uniformity and mass culture and traditionalist, far-right, withdrawal.
The times seem propitious for the recomposition of a modernity in the present, reconfigured according to the specific context within which we live – crucially in the age of globalisation – understood in its economic, political and cultural aspects: an altermodernity.
If twentieth-century modernism was above all a western cultural phenomenon, altermodernity arises out of planetary negotiations, discussions between agents from different cultures. Stripped of a centre, it can only be polyglot. Altermodernity is characterised by translation, unlike the modernism of the twentieth century which spoke the abstract language of the colonial west, and postmodernism, which encloses artistic phenomena in origins and identities.
We are entering the era of universal subtitling, of generalised dubbing. Today’s art explores the bonds that text and image weave between themselves. Artists traverse a cultural landscape saturated with signs, creating new pathways between multiple formats of expression and communication.
The artist becomes ‘homo viator’, the prototype of the contemporary traveller whose passage through signs and formats refers to a contemporary experience of mobility, travel and transpassing. This evolution can be seen in the way works are made: a new type of form is appearing, the journey-form, made of lines drawn both in space and time, materialising trajectories rather than destinations. The form of the work expresses a course, a wandering, rather than a fixed space-time.
Altermodern art is thus read as a hypertext; artists translate and transcode information from one format to another, and wander in geography as well as in history. This gives rise to practices which might be referred to as ‘time-specific’, in response to the ‘site-specific’ work of the 1960s. Flight-lines, translation programmes and chains of heterogeneous elements articulate each other. Our universe becomes a territory all dimensions of which may be travelled both in time and space.
Nicolas Bourriaud, Altermodern – Tate Triennial 2009 at Tate Britain
Nicolas Bourriaud, um dos curadores mais respeitados da atualidade, fundador do Palais de Tokyo (Paris) e autor do famoso livro “Estética Relacional”. “Altermodern” é um termo inventado pelo teórico francês, que sugere o fim do pós-modernismo para dar lugar a uma espécie de modernismo alternativo, onde o artista surge num contexto global, sem fronteiras e capaz de sugerir novos discursos. Segundo Bourriaud, a nova arte deverá lutar contra os estigmas da arte estabelecida e o espírito comercial que a acompanhou nas últimas décadas, encarando o território das artes como um arquipélago onde a diferença deverá ser assumida, embora a prática artística remeta sempre para uma lógica de interligação e partilha de um património ideológico comum. O primeiro ensaio da materialização destas ideias está marcado para a Trienal da Tate Britain, em Londres, até ao próximo dia 26 de Abril - uma exposição comissariada pelo próprio Bourriaud, que reúne um conjunto de artistas oriundos de vários pontos do globo e diversos suportes.
In his keynote speech to the 2005 Art Association of Australia & New Zealand Conference, Nicolas Bourriaud explained:
"Artists are looking for a new modernity that would be based on translation: What matters today is to translate the cultural values of cultural groups and to connect them to the world network. This “reloading process” of modernism according to the twenty-first-century issues could be called altermodernism, a movement connected to the creolisation of cultures and the fight for autonomy, but also the possibility of producing singularities in a more and more standardized world."